- MATHERAN : A hill resort at an altitude of 800 meters (average height of
2500 feet above sea level), Matheran is 110 km. away from Mumbai on Mumbai-Pune
rail route. A narrow gauge toy train from Neral (87 km. from Mumbai) meanders
up the mountain, treating the tourists to a breathtaking view.
Hugh Poyntz Malet, the then Collector of Thane, discovered Matheran (meaning
"forest on the top") in May 1850. Lord Elphinstone, the then Governor of
Mumbai laid foundations of the future development of Matheran as a hill
station. This 2-foot narrow gauge hill railway, connecting Neral was opened
to traffic in 1907.
This hill railway was built by Sir Adamjee Peerbhoy, who formed a limited company
with an authorised capital of ten lakh rupees divided into 2000 shares. The
railway is 20 km. (12.6 miles) long and has a gauge of two feet with a
ruling gradient of 1 in 20. The track zig zags up the side of the hill,
bringing into view the full beauty of the Matheran Hill.
four pairs of train running between Neral and Matheran. However, during
monsoon i.e. June to September, only one pair of train is run to open